The story

In the Florence of the 14th century the name "Ciompi" was given to the humblest workers forming part of the people, called upon to perform various trades today in the complex preparation of weaving of the wool that required a great division of labour. It was craftsmen who, while working for the art of wool, were deprived of any organisation that defend their interests. In fact, these craftsmen were subject to breathe dust on dust that inevitably complaining about respiratory diseases.

In July 1378, after repeated and unsuccessful attempts to gain recognition of their own working art that could protect the stability of their jobs and their wages, with a popular uprising they seized the "Palazzo della Signoria" and installed its own exponent Michele Di Lando. Appointed "Gonfaloniere di Giustizia", he first decided to create three new Arts added: "Tintori", "Falsettai" and "Ciompi" which included finally all unskilled workers until then. These tidings craft Guilds was given a prominent place in political life, but following messy and absurd demands, the renewed due power lasted for only four years, because the owners, mostly illiterate, unable to cope with the needs of a city like Florence and fat people who had never accepted the subversion of power.

In 1382, after the fallen of the "Ciompi" and Michele di Lando exile in Lucca, the mercantile bourgeoisie returned to govern, but bearing in mind to subscribe large numbers of these workers in freshmen of the Wool Guild with an equitable economic treatment. The Act of insurrection del "popolo minuto fiorentino", known to history as the "Ciompi", is still remembered in the popular district of "Sant’ Ambrogio", from the homonymous town square dedicated to those modest but skilled craftsmen who, once excluded unfairly from the Organization of the arts, were able to assert their dignity as men and their workers' rights, albeit with a total recall still being studied.

Luciano Artusi